Specific Objectives and Competences

  • To provide information about the European landscape.


  • Europe only occupies 6.2% of the surface of our planet.
  • Without any clear limits towards the East, the separation between the European and Asian continents have been established as the Ural Mountains, the River Ural, the Caucasus and the Bosphorus Straits. The Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean respectively determine its southern and western limits. These limits condition the scope of the European project.
  • Due to its geological history, the relief of the EU territory is quite well differentiated.
    • Rocky platforms, ancient massifs and inland sedimentary basins.
    • Great Plains.
    • Alpine Cordilleras.
    • The Baltic Shield.
    • Volcanic Islands.
  • Europa is a continent with very good access to the sea, which has helped the development of trade, large-scale fishing and commercial activity. Europe’s most important exterior seas are: the Mediterranean Sea, the Baltic Sea, the North Sea and the Black Sea.


The case of Turkey: Issues in the Establishment of Geographic, Cultural and Political Boundaries (en, fr, de)

Should the geographical limits of Europe determine the scope of the project for European Integration?

Is Turkey a European state?: The geographical criteria (es)


>15  Physical map of Europe


>15  Video of the geography of Europe (en, 5’18”)

External Link

12-15  Cartography of Europe (es)
Major geographic references (es)

Educative Games

9-12  Games about the mountains, rivers and seas of Europe (en)
Game about the mountain chains of Europe (en)
Game about the physical characteristics of Europe (en)
Games about the geography of Europe Related to this subject, there are games about the rivers, mountain chains, seas, islands, lakes, peninsulas, stretches and volcanoes of Europe that are adapted for the primary school level, as well as many others. (da, de, en, es, fr, ga, nl, no and fi)
9-12  Game about the seas of Europa (en)
>15  Games about the physical relief of Europe. (en, es, fr, it, pt, de)
Game about the rivers of Europe (en, es, fr, it, pt, de)
Game about the coasts of Europe (en, es, fr, it, pt, de)